The causes of SIBO are quite complex and there are many risk factors that may accumulate over the years to trigger this condition. Two main factors that play a role in SIBO are your MMC, also known as the migrating motor complex, and your stomach acid levels.
1. The Malfunction Of Your Migrating Motor Complex (MMR)
The migrating motor complex is a form of peristalsis in small intestines. It's purpose is to clear the small intestines of bacteria and left over food. It functions when you are fasting and sleeping. After you eat it's the “housekeeping wave” that clears the upper digestive tract of cellular debris.
A number of things cause your MMC to malfunction including diabetes, hypothyroid, pharmaceutical drugs such as opiode pain killers, and even food poisoning from a bacteria. Car accidents, surgery, abnormal anatomy, adhesions to small intestines can also prevent the normal flow movement of bacteria through the small intestines.
The second cause for a sluggish MMC is pathogenic bacteria that secrete CDT toxin. A portion of this toxin looks like a protein on the nerve cells of the MMC. Through molecular mimicry an autoimmune reaction occurs as your immune system is triggered to fight against the nerve cells of your migrating motor complex.
A proper acidic environment in the stomach also activates the release of bile and enzymes that continue to kill and prevent bacteria from inhabiting the small intestines. If you have had your gall bladder removed you may be at risk for developing SIBO.
If you have a history using proton pump inhibitors, stomach acid blocking medications that prevent the production of hydrochloric acid (stomach acid), you are also at risk of developing SIBO.
To learn if you have low stomach acid and how to heal this issue continue on to this previous article: 10 Ways To Heal Low Stomach Acid
- Poor MMS function
- Low stomach acid and the use of proton pump inhibitors
- Alcohol consumption
- Oral contraceptive pills
- Parasite infections